Is Ketogenic diet your right choice to lose weight?
Ketogenic diet was developed in the early 1900s to treat seizures in patients suffering from epilepsy. The history of the keto diet began with Dr. Russell Wilder at the Mayo Clinic 1923. He designed what is now known as the classic ketogenic diet, which measures four parts fat for every one-part protein and carb. All other keto diets are based on this four-to-one macronutrient ratio.
However, this diet was later tested to have positive effects on people suffering from cancer. This is scientifically proven. To be more precise, cancer cells are glucose loving malignant cells. They thrive on glucose and in the absence of carbohydrates, they can be starved and hence the uncontrolled replication can be stopped.
The question that comes up now is how effective is a keto diet for weight loss? Also, are the results sustained? What are the physiological aftereffects on your body?
This high fat, protein and no-carb diet deprive your body of the nutrient composition that is solely recognized by your body as the most potent energy resource or lifeblood. One very important aspect here is that all your organs can work on a low carb diet, as they have the ability to convert these components into glucose molecules (gluconeogenesis). The only organ that cannot perform this coveted activity is your BRAIN! Yes, by following a keto diet for a long period of time, your brain gets deprived of its only food source.
It takes higher activity levels inside your body to digest fat and protein as compared to glucose because the thermic effect of fat and protein are high. Hence when you start following a keto diet, you lose a whole lot of weight fast enough that you feel very happy. But what comes next? Your body accumulates a lot of ketone bodies or ketoacids (a product of fat breakdown via ketosis). Once your body enters ketosis, you also begin to lose muscle, become extremely fatigued, and eventually enter starvation mode. Then it actually becomes even harder to lose weight. Also, the accumulation of ketone bodies eventually damages other organs.
Most importantly, the keto diet is a form of fad diet for weight loss, as you gain back double the weight in half the time. Eventually, your body will crave carbs in some form or another, as your body needs all these macronutrients in correct proportions to function optimally.
Thus, it is safe to say that, Keto diet is not at all your best bet for long term weight loss and sustenance. It will give short term results and will do your body more harm than good. Follow a balanced diet that provides your body with all macro and micronutrients. This will not only help you lose weight but also maintain a happy and healthy life!